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Greensted Primary School & Nursery

Phonics at greensted

At Greensted Primary School phonics is an important part of the children’s everyday learning. Phonics underpins the teaching of reading and writing of the English language by developing an awareness of the letter sounds.

Here at Greensted Primary School and Nursery, we are implementing the teaching of phonics through Essential Letters and Sounds.

We have chosen Essential Letters and Sounds, as it is a Systematic Synthetic Phonics Programme designed to teach children how to read through the act of decoding and blending.

We passionately believe that a high-quality English curriculum should develop pupils’ love of reading, writing and discussion. In English lessons and across the wider curriculum, reading is key and we use exciting and relevant texts in a range of genres to enrich children’s learning.

It is the aim of every teacher at Greensted to ensure that their class develop a love of reading, writing and responding to texts, whilst raising standards for every pupil. Therefore, we want to develop increasingly competent, confident readers who enjoy reading and progress quickly. This includes, but is not exclusively about, having met the Phonic Screening Check Standard in Y1.

We want learners to have truly secured their phonics to ensure their fluency in decoding and prevent barriers to reading and writing as they move through our school and the rest of their life-long learning journey.

To ensure fidelity, we follow ‘Essential Letters and Sounds’ to teach Phonics and early reading, with a clear progression of phonic knowledge and application. 

The children have a dedicated phonic session every day from Reception – Year Two.  In these early stages of reading, books are carefully matched to a child’s phonic knowledge in line with Essential Letters and Sounds and the Oxford Owl reading scheme.

Our Intent

At Greensted, we are determined that every child will quickly learn to read well . We aim to ensure that every child, regardless of their background, ability or needs succeeds and achieves well.

We believe that phonics provides the foundation of learning to make the development into fluent reading and writing easier. Phonics is the process that ensures children have the skills to break words into a sound system, building letter and word recognition.

Children learn to segment words to help support their spelling ability and to blend sounds together to read words. Once phonics are learnt and children can read fluently, and at speed, they can then focus on developing their other reading skills such as comprehension and acquiring knowledge.

Fluent reading skills allow access to the whole curriculum.


Essential Letters and Sounds (ELS) is our chosen Phonics programme. The aim of ELS is to get all children to read well, quickly.

Essential Letters and Sounds is a systematic synthetic phonics programme which was validated by the Department for Education in June 2021. All members of staff are trained to teach ELS to ensure that we have an expert team of reading teachers led by our Reading/Phonics Lead.

As a staff team, we regularly meet to review our practice and to practise teaching together. This ensures that all children receive high-quality first teaching every day.

 Our classrooms are well resourced to ensure that every child has the resources required to learn to read well. Reading is at the heart of everything that we do. Reading is a central part of every pupil’s life at our school.

We instil a love of reading from the very beginning of their education, every child at our school is a reader and so are their teachers. We believe all children can become confident readers during their time in primary education.

To ensure all children learn to read well quickly, children learn Phonics from the very start of Reception. It is explicitly taught every day during a dedicated slot on the timetable. Throughout the day, children use their growing Phonic knowledge to support them in other areas of the curriculum and have many opportunities to practise reading decodable texts precisely matched to the phonic knowledge. This includes reading 1:1 with a member of staff, with a partner during paired reading and during whole class reading sessions.

We know that reading is a fundamental life skill and ensure that all children leave our school able to read well.

ELS is a whole class teaching model. This means that every single pupil has the same opportunities when learning to read. Learning to read well, early, is a priority for every child.

Children who may find it harder to learn how to read are given additional support from their teacher on a daily basis. We ensure that all children learn to read well and keep up rather than have to catch-up.

Daily Phonics lessons continue in Year 1 and further through the school to ensure all children become confident, fluent readers.

 We follow the ELS progression and sequence. This allows our children to practise their existing phonic knowledge whilst building their understanding of the ‘code’ of our language. As a result, children can tackle any unfamiliar words that they might discover.

We teach children more rarely used GPCs through the ELS progression. This means that they can decode and read more words with increased fluency.

ELS is supported by a wide range of completely decodable texts. These cover both fiction and non-fiction and are exciting and engaging for all our pupils. We match the home reading texts to each child’s current phonic knowledge to ensure that they consolidate their most recent teaching and learning at home.

Children experience the joy of books and language whilst rapidly acquiring the skills they need to become fluent independent readers and writers. ELS teaches relevant, useful and ambitious vocabulary to support children’s journey to becoming fluent and independent readers.

At Greensted we begin by teaching the single letter sounds before moving to diagraphs (two letters spelling one sound), trigraphs (three letters spelling one sound) and quad-graphs (four letters spelling one sound).

We teach children to:

  • Decode by identifying each sound within a word and blending them together to read fluently
  • Encode by segmenting each sound to write words accurately.

The structure of ELS lessons allows children to know what is coming next, what they need to do, and how to achieve success. This makes it easier for children to learn the GPCs we are teaching (the alphabetic code) and how to apply this when reading.

ELS is designed on the principle that children should ‘keep up’ rather than ‘catch up’. Interventions are delivered within the lesson by the teacher and any child who is struggling with the new knowledge can be immediately targeted with appropriate support. Where further support is required, 1:1 intervention is used where needed.

ELS is designed to make use of all the teaching time during the phonics lesson – through targeted support where required, reducing the need for external interventions - meaning that there is minimal disruption to curriculum teaching time. Where further phonic support is required in Key Stage 2, this is timetabled to ensure that any child rapidly catches up.

Children are assessed in each half term to ensure that any specific gaps can be targeted immediately. We reinforce the link between reading and writing in every ELS lesson through the independent application of the children’s understanding.

We also ensure that all our teachers reference the learning from ELS lessons when writing as part of the wider curriculum.


We measure the impact of phonics through the following methods:

  • Regular assessments each half term
  • Tracking phonics data using the ELS assessment tracker
  • Phonics Screening Assessments in Year 1 and Year 2
  • Reading assessments and tracking

The implementation of this phonics curriculum ensures that, by the time children leave Greensted Primary School, they will be competent in reading and writing fluently and at speed.